The NMC Institute of Conservation, newly established, boasts over 30 cultural relic conservationists with solid theoretical learning and rich practical experiences. It is composed of branches that cover environmental monitoring, collection testing and analysis, object conservation, metal object conversation, calligraphy/painting/archive conservation, and oil painting conservation.

Actively implementing a cultural relic protection policy prioritizing protection, rescue, rational utilization, and enhanced management, the institute is mainly responsible for protecting, conserving, and reproducing the cultural relics at the NMC, carrying out monitoring activities of its cultural relics warehouse regularly, shouldering responsibilities for the National Administration of Cultural Heritage metal cultural relics protection key research base, strengthening exchanges and cooperation with cultural relic organizations at home and abroad, and providing support for the technological advancement of its counterparts.