The gift was presented to the Qing emperor by Nepal king in 1785, the 50th year of Qianlong’s reign. Between 1767 and 1768, the chief of Gurkha, after conquering three small regimes of the Malla Dynasty in the Nepal valley, established the Kingdom of Nepal. In the course of expanding its territory, Nepal twice sent troops to invade Tibet, but was driven out by the Qing army which pursued the invaders into Nepal. The Nepalese government sued for peace, and later became a vassal state paying tributes to the Qing court.