Research at the NMC on modern cultural heritage, including academic research on and the display of the museum’s rich collections of modern cultural heritage items, aim to dig deep into the academic significance of the important historical evidence of the revolutionary culture and advanced culture, providing support for patriotism education and the building of our confidence in the socialist path, theory, system and culture. With the emergence of a large number of experts and scholars like Su Donghai and Xia Yanyue, as well as of outstanding research achievements, substantial progress has been made over the years at the NMC in this regard. The Modern Cultural Heritage Institute under the Research Institute of the NMC is now in partnerships with other museums to further broaden horizons in this line of research.