The collection, research, display, and education with respect to the modern history of China are part of the vital functions and prominent features of the NMC. Hard work over the years by a large number of experts and scholars in the modern history of China such as Shen Qinglin, Huang Gaoqian, Su Donghai, and Xia Yanyue, resulted in a wide range of results in the research on Chinese personages of the modern times. At present, the Modern-time Personages Institute under the Research Institute of the NMC is engaged in research work centered on “modernization of China” based on NMC collections into important personages and major events with the intention of delivering research findings characteristic of the NMC.