Luo Bozhao (1899-1976), also known as Wenjiong and Muyuan, was a native of Baxian County (present-day Banan District, Chongqing). He was a prominent Chinese numismatist and coin collector in the modern era. Along with Fang Ruo in the north and Zhang Shuxun in the south, Luo was one of the “Three Giants of Coin Collecting in China’s Modern History.” In 1924, Luo began the systematic collection of ancient coins, achieving great success by the 1930s. After 1940, he moved to Shanghai, declining to participate in all commercial activities and devoting himself to numismatic research. To make ends meet, he sold his property and co-founded the China Numismatic Society, a modern Chinese research organization for research on numismatic matters. Luo presided over the publication of 32 issues of the magazine Numismatics and personally contributed more than 100 articles on the subject, greatly promoting the development of numismatic research in China. In September 1957, Luo donated his collection of 15,431 artifacts to the Beijing History Museum (the predecessor of the National Museum of China). Over the following period until 1965, he further donated more than 70 artifacts. Luo’s donations feature coins from ancient to modern times, from both home and abroad, and they boast excellent quality and great variety. Together with donations from other coin collectors, they from the basis of the coin collection of the National Museum of China. Today, ancient Chinese coins have become a major category in the NMC collection featuring numerous and varied artifacts, while a great number of items are listed as first-grade national cultural relics that are renowned both at home and abroad.
President Xi Jinping has stressed that cultural relics and cultural heritage carry the genes and blood of the Chinese nation, adding that they are nonrenewable and irreplaceable, and we must promote cultural products and value symbols that embody Chinese culture and spirit. The National Museum of China has always valued the generosity of each donor. We attach great importance to researching, exhibiting and interpreting our collection, as a way to pass on civilization and promote the development of China’s museums and cultural institutions together with enthusiastic individuals from all walks of life. We sincerely hope that audiences can feel the noble spirit and patriotic acts of our forerunners who loved the motherland and everything under the sun, and who devoted themselves to public welfare. Accordingly, we can more consciously make our own contributions to the building of a socialist country with great cultural strength.