The resplendent cultural relics created over the course of the Chinese civilization with a history of 5,000 yearsrepresent the root and soul of the Chinese nation and affects the spirit of the Chinese people. In the late Qing Dynasty,China’s national strength declined and the country was invaded by western powers. As a result, a large number of valuable cultural relics were looted, resold and smuggled,leaving great traumas in the heart of the Chinese people.

Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China,the Communist Party of China andthe Chinese people that have stood up, have not forgotten the lostcultural heritages. Since the earliest days of New China, the Central People’s Governmenthas established strict regulations and systems toreverse the situation ofthe loss of valuable cultural relics. Since its adoption of the policy of reform and opening-up, China has explored a feasible approach for repatriation of cultural relics by breaking new ground in practiceand seeking for win-win outcomes through cooperation.In the new era, China conducts its diplomacy as a major country and strives to bring about a new phase inrepatriation of cultural relics. Thanks to the unremitting efforts over the past 70 years, the CPC and the Chinese government havesucceeded in repatriation of over 150,000 artefacts in over 300 batches.